Learn The Basic Photoshop

Basic Photoshop

Photoshop is a great software for editing image. Now if you want to know how to use photoshop but didn’t know where to start. I will share about it, the basics.

The Video above is your lesson. In the video, we take a look at every tool in the toolbar, the palettes on the right side of the screen, and you will find the menus. Below you will find a reference for this lesson.

Basic Photoshop

Hmmm… I don’t have photoshop!

So you are not photoshop user? adobe offers a photoshop 30 day trial that you can download right now and give you plenty of time to learn how it works. If you want to eventually purchase Photoshop because it’s too expensive, much of what we’re learn in these lessons will apply to not just to photoshop but pretty much most of image processing software and design tools. I choose Photoshop because it’s the most commonly used, but its up to you to use other software if you want.

Ready? Let’s get started.

The Toolbar

We’re not looking to take time at every single tool but we are going to look at almost every one of them. While this overview will give you an idea of what each tool does, go find yourself a photo and start playing around with them.

Move Tool (Shortcut Key: V)

Basic Photoshop
Move Tool

The move tool lets you move objects in a given layer around the Photoshop canvas. To use it, click anywhere on the canvas and drag. As you drag, the Photoshop layer will move with your mouse. Be careful which layer you going.

Marquee (Shortcut Key: M)

Basic Photoshop
Marquee Tool

The marquee lets you select part of the canvas in a specific shape. By default you get a rectangular (or perfect square if you hold down shift while selecting), but you can also select in the shape of an ellipse (or a perfect circle if you hold down shift while selecting). Before doing something with this tools, See the layer which you going.

Lasso (Shortcut Key: L)

Basic Photoshop
Lasso Tool

The lasso is a free-form selection tool that lets you select amount in the canvas by drag around the canvas and select anything the lasso area covers. Within this tool you also have access to the polygonal lasso, which lets you create a selection by clicking around on the canvas and creating points, and the magnetic lasso, which works the same as the regular lasso but attempts to detect edges for you and automatically snap to them.

Magic Wand (Shortcut Key: W)

Basic Photoshop
Magic Wand

Clicking an area with the magic wand will make Photoshop to select the spot you clicked on and anything around it that’s similar. This tool can be used as a crude way to remove backgrounds from photos.

Crop Tool (Shortcut Key: C)

Basic Photoshop
Crop Tool

The crop tool is used to crop your pictures. You can specify the exact size and constrain the crop tool to those proportions, or you can just crop to any size you want. With using this tool, you crop canvas by size you want.

Eyedropper (Shortcut Key: I)

Basic Photoshop
Eyedropper Tool

The eyedropper tool lets you click on any part of the canvas and sample the color at that exact point. The eyedropper will change your foreground color to whatever color it sampled from the canvas.

Healing Brush (Shortcut Key: J)

Basic Photoshop
Healing Brush

The healing brush lets you sample part of the photograph and use it to paint over another part. Once you’re finished, Photoshop will examine surrounding areas and try to blend what you painted in with the rest of the picture.

Paintbrush and Pencil (Shortcut Key: B)

Basic Photoshop
PaintBrush And Pencil

The paintbrush is a tool that follow a paintbrush and the pencil is a tool that follow a pencil. The paintbrush, however, can be set to many different kinds of brushes. You can paint with standard paintbrush and airbrush styles, or even paint with leaves and other shapes as well.

Clone Stamp (Shortcut Key: S)

Basic Photoshop
Cole Stamp

Like the healing brush, the clone stamp lets you sample part of the photograph and use it to paint over another part.

History Brush (Shortcut Key: Y)

Basic Photoshop
History Brush

The history brush lets you paint back in time. Photoshop keeps track of all the moves you make (well, 50 by default) and the history brush lets you paint the past back into the current photo. Say you brightened up the entire photo but you wanted to make a certain area look like it did before you brightened it, you can take the history brush and paint that area to bring back the previous darkness.

Eraser Tool (Shortcut Key: E)

Basic Photoshop
Eraser Tool

Its erase tool, just it

Paint Can and Gradient Tools (Shortcut Key: G)

Basic Photoshop
Paint Can and Gradient Tools

The paint can tool lets you fill in a specific area with the current foreground color. The gradient tool will, by default, create a gradient that blends the foreground and background tool (though you can load and create preset gradients as well, some of which use than two colors).

Blur, Sharpen, and Smudge Tools

Basic Photoshop
Blur Sharpen and Smudge Tool

All three of these tools act like paintbrushes, but each has a different impact on your picture. The blur tool will blur the area where you paint, the sharpen tool will sharpen it, and the smudge tool will smudge the area all around the canvas.

Burn, Dodge, and Sponge Tools (Shortcut Key: O)

Basic Photoshop
Burn Dodge Sponge Tools

These are all very useful tools for photo touch ups. The burn, dodge, and sponge tools are paintbrush-like tools that manipulate light and color intensity. The burn tool can make areas in your photo darker. The dodge tool can make them lighter. The sponge tool can saturate or desaturate color in the area you paint with it.

Pen Tool (Shortcut Key: P)

Basic Photoshop
Pen Tool

The pen tool is used for drawing vector graphics. It can also be used to create paths that can be used for various things.

Type Tool (Shortcut Key: T)

Basic Photoshop
Type Tool

The type tool lets you type horizontally. Tools hidden beneath the horizontal type tool will let you type vertically.

Path Tool (Shortcut Key: A)

Basic Photoshop
Path Tool

The path tool lets you move any created paths around. It’s like the move tool, but for paths.

Shape Tool (Shortcut Key: U)

Basic Photoshop
Shape Tool

The shape tool lets you create vector rectangles, rounded rectangles, circles, and custom shapes. These tools are very useful when designing or when creating shape masks for photos.

Hand Tool (Shortcut Key: H)

Basic Photoshop
Shape Tool

The hand tool allows you to click and drag around the Photoshop canvas. If the entire canvas currently fits on the screen, this tool won’t do anything. This tool is for easily navigating around when you’re zoomed in

Zoom Tool (Shortcut Key: Z)

Basic Photoshop
Zoom Tool

The zoom tool lets you zoom in and out of the Photoshop canvas by clicking on a given area. By default, the zoom tool only zooms in. To zoom out, hold down the option key and use the zoom tool as you normally would.

Color Selection Tools (Keyboard: D for defaults, X to switch foreground and background colors)

Basic Photoshop
Color Selection Tools

These tools let you manage the colors you’re using. The color on top is the foreground color and the color in back is the background color. The foreground color is what your brushes will use. The background color is what will be used if you delete something from the background or extend it (although now, Photoshop CS5 will give you the option for using your foreground color instead in some circumstances). The two smaller icons up top are shortcut functions. The left one, showing a black square on a white square, will set your foreground and background colors to the defaults (Keyboard: D). The double-headed curved arrow will swap your foreground and background color (Keyboard: X). Clicking on either the foreground or background color will bring up a color picker so you can set them to precisely the color you want.


Palettes are the things that you see sitting over on the right side of your screen. They make it easy for you to navigate through your document, add adjustments, switch modes, and other things.


Basic Photoshop
Layers Tool

The layers palette lets you see all the layers in your document. As you start getting to know Photoshop, you’ll find yourself in this palette more than any other. It’ll let you organize and arrange your layers, set blending modes, set visibility and opacity of layers, group and merge layers.


Basic Photoshop
Adjustments Tool

Your adjustments panel is where you can easily create and edit adjustment layers. Adjustment layers are non-destructive image alterations that affect all the layers below them and can easily be turned on and off. Their most common use is for color correction

Color Picker Slider

Basic Photoshop
Color Picker Slider

This palette will let you easily alter your foreground and background colors using sliders.

Color Swatches

Basic Photoshop
Color Swatches

The color swatches palette is a set of pre-defined colors you can quickly choose from. You can load in several other pre-made swatch collections or create your own, too.


Basic Photoshop

The history palette lets you go back in time to undo any previous alterations. The standard undo command (in the edit menu) will simply toggle between undoing and redoing the latest action performed on your image.


Basic Photoshop
Text Tools

The text palette, and the paragraph palette below it, let you make all sorts of adjustments to any text you create with the type tool. These options are very similar to what you’ll find in a word processing, but you can also specify things like character width and spacing which are more useful in design.


Basic Photoshop

Most of what you’ll find in Photoshop’s menus can be found using the previously discussed tools.


File, as usual, handles opening, saving, and closing operations. Towards the end of these lessons we’ll be taking a look at your different saving options


Edit, as usual, brings you copy, cut, and paste. In Photoshop, it’s also where you transform layers and set your color spaces.


Image brings you canvas and image adjustments, including destructive effects that you’ll also find in your adjustment’s palette. Options in this menu are designed to affect the image as a whole.


Layer lets you do all of the things you can do in the layer palette with a few more options. This menu also lets you create adjustment layers and smart objects (a group of layers treated as a single object).


While the marquee and lasso tools will be your main means of selecting things, the select menu can help you refine that selection or create entirely new selections based on certain criteria (such as color range and luminosity).


Filter brings you a wealth of built-in (and, if installed, third-party) Photoshop filters that can blur, sharpen, distort, and alter your image (or layers of the image) in many different and unique ways. The best way to get acquainted with these filters is to try them all.


Analysis provides you with measurement tools. There will be times when you need them to make accurate alterations to your images. We will not be covering anything in this menu in these basic lessons.


View provides you with various view options, lets you hide and show line guides you’ve created (see video for an example), and make Photoshop snap (or not snap) to corners, edges, and to the grid on the canvas. Viewing of this invisible grid can also be turned on and off in the View menu.


Window lets you hide and show certain windows and palettes. You can also arrange your Photoshop windows and palettes however you want and save them as a window preset and make a new view with same document.

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